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June 2007, Logical Reasoning 1, Question 19



Summary
The content provides an in-depth analysis of a 'strengthen except' question, focusing on identifying the assumptions underlying an argument and evaluating how different answer choices impact those assumptions.
  • A 'strengthen except' question requires identifying one answer that does not support the argument's assumptions, contrasting with 'strengthen' questions where only one answer supports the argument.
  • Understanding an argument's structure, conclusion, and evidence is crucial for identifying its assumptions.
  • The example provided involves analyzing the success of the Land Party in 1935, with the conclusion that their victory was due to addressing the concerns of the rural poor.
  • Causal arguments assume that the cause cited is the true reason for an effect, excluding other potential causes or coincidences.
  • Answer choices B through E strengthen the argument by supporting its assumptions, while answer choice A fails to do so as it is irrelevant to the argument's focus.
Chapters
00:00
Understanding 'Strengthen Except' Questions
00:28
Identifying Assumptions in Arguments
00:36
Analyzing the Example of the Land Party's Victory
01:57
Evaluating Answer Choices