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June 2007, Logical Reasoning 2, Question 20

The content focuses on tackling parallel flaw questions in the GRE, emphasizing the identification of flawed reasoning within arguments by dissecting their structure into conclusion and evidence, and then finding a similar flawed reasoning in the answer choices.
  • Parallel flaw questions require understanding the original argument's conclusion and evidence to identify the flaw.
  • The flaw often lies in disproving an opponent's argument without providing substantive evidence for the opposing view, known as the absence of evidence flaw.
  • Identifying the flaw involves comparing the structure of the argument's reasoning to the answer choices, looking for a match in flawed reasoning.
  • Answer choices that seem similar in subject but differ in reasoning are traps to avoid.
  • The correct answer mirrors the original argument's flawed reasoning structure, not just the subject matter.
Understanding Parallel Flaw Questions
Identifying the Flaw
Analyzing Answer Choices
Selecting the Correct Answer