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PrepTest 73, Logical Reasoning 1, Question 9

The content focuses on strategies for undermining an argument on the GRE, specifically through identifying and attacking the assumptions underlying causal arguments.
  • Understanding the conclusion and evidence of an argument is crucial to identify its assumptions.
  • A causal argument posits that one thing causes another, based on evidence provided.
  • To weaken a causal argument, one can challenge its assumptions, such as the absence of coincidence, alternate causes, or reverse causality.
  • Analyzing answer choices to find the one that effectively attacks these assumptions can lead to the correct answer.
  • The example provided illustrates how to dissect an argument about tobacco advertising's impact on smoking rates, identifying the correct answer by undermining an assumption.
Understanding Arguments
Identifying Assumptions
Strategies for Weakening Arguments
Analyzing Answer Choices