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PrepTest 73, Logical Reasoning 1, Question 15

The essence of tackling flaw questions on the GRE involves identifying the error within an argument by understanding its conclusion and evidence, with a focus on distinguishing between causation and correlation.
  • Flaw questions require pinpointing the argument's vulnerability, starting with comprehending its conclusion and evidence.
  • The argument's conclusion is often signaled by keywords such as 'thus', indicating the final judgment about the discussed topic.
  • A common error in arguments is the causation versus correlation flaw, where a temporal or spatial correlation between two events is mistaken for a causal relationship.
  • Identifying the correct flaw involves careful analysis of the argument's assumptions and the elimination of answer choices that misinterpret the argument's structure or content.
  • The correct answer choice highlights the argument's failure to consider alternative explanations for the observed outcome, directly addressing the causation versus correlation error.
Understanding Flaw Questions
Identifying the Argument's Conclusion
Causation Versus Correlation Flaw
Analyzing and Eliminating Answer Choices