June 2007, Passage 3, Question 18

Can't listen to audio right now? Turn on captions.


Question 18, this is an analogy question. We know because it uses the word analogous. An analogy question is a subtype of an inference question where they ask you to find something in the passage, think about it abstractly, think about its characteristics. And then apply those characteristics to a bunch of test cases, find the one that has the same characteristics.

So in this specific case, they say the relationship between strengthening current copyright laws and relying on passwords. So we're gonna see what the author says about the relationship between those two things, think about it abstractly. And then we're gonna look for an answer choice that has the same relationship, it gives you two things that have the same relationship to each other.

So if we go do our research, the passwords were talked about towards the end of the last paragraph. For example, A may require a password to gain entry to A's web page, just as a telephone owner, etc. If you recall what's going on at this point in the passage, the author is saying that there are techniques that are already available.

And this was an example of one of the techniques that is already available, something the author prefers to strengthening current copyright laws. The first one is harsh, the second one is less harsh. The first one is new, the second one is existing and reasonable. So that's the relationship we're looking for. We're gonna go to the answer choices to try to find something that has that relationship.

So answer choice A, allowing everyone use of a public facility and restricting its use to members of the community. So this one is actually backwards. Allowing everyone the use of a public facility would be unstrengthened copyright laws, it would be non-restrictive. Restricting it to members of the community would be restrictive, so it's the wrong way around.

We're looking for, the first one is very restrictive, the second one is less so. The first one is new, the second one's existing, get rid of answer choice A. Answer choice B, outlawing the use of a drug and outlawing its sale. This is two different types of restriction. It's not the new versus usual, harsh versus reasonable. So answer choice B is not our answer.

Go to C, prohibiting a sport and relying on its participants to employ proper safety gear. Okay, well, prohibiting a sport, that'd be a new, more restrictive restriction. Relying on participants to employ proper safety gear, well, that'd be an existing measure that is less restrictive. Answer choice C looks like our answer.

As always, a quick glance down just to talk about why those other answers aren't right. Answer choice D says, passing a new law and enforcing that law. Well, this isn't really a choice, it's passing a new law and then enforcing that new law. We're looking for a choice between a new restriction and an existing one.

So answer choice D, not my answer. Answer choice E, allowing unrestricted entry to a building and restricting entry to those who've been issued a badge. That's basically the same answer choice as answer choice A. Unrestricted first half, restricted second half, it's the wrong way around. It's not a harsh new way and an existing, more reasonable way.

That means answer choice C is our answer.

Read full transcript